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Posted on Oct 7, 2015

Imagining A Place for Jews in Interwar Lithuania

  Michael Casper, a doctoral candidate in History at the University of California, Los Angeles, received a 2015 Dissertation grant from AABS. Michael’s dissertation explores how Jews negotiated the demands of citizenship and national belonging in the interwar Republic of Lithuania. I am interested in how Jewish and Lithuanian thinkers imagined the Jewish place in the new democratic state and, after 1926, under the authoritarian regime. With the generous assistance of the AABS Dissertation Grant I was able to conduct extensive research in Vilnius this summer. I worked at the Martynas Mažvydas National Library, Vilnius University Library and the Lithuanian Central State Archive...

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Posted on Jun 18, 2015

Socialist Ideas & Estonian Intellectuals in Late 19th c.

Mark Moll, a Central Eurasian Studies Ph.D. candidate at Indiana University, received a 2015 AABS Dissertation Grant to investigate the spread of socialist ideas among the Estonian intelligentsia in the late 19th century. Centered in the university town of Tartu, several members of the radical underground, like Jüri Jaakson, Mihkel Martna and August Rei, went on to achieve prominent positions within the interwar Estonian Republic. The grant will finance a research trip to the Estonian Historical Archives and the manuscript collection of the Estonian Literary Museum in Tartu. My research focuses on the men and women in turn-of-the-century Estonia whose radical experiences as first as students, then as journalists, led to the push for Estonian political autonomy via a syncretic fusion of nationalism and socialism in 1905 during the first Russian Revolution. An analysis of the network of these activists reveals the importance that developments abroad played in shaping the discourse at home and helps contextualize the role of Estonians within the larger Russian revolutionary...

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Posted on Jun 16, 2015

A Passion for Better Science and Innovation

  Anete Vitola is the 2015 Mudīte I. Zīlīte Saltups Postgraduate and Post-Doctoral Fellowship. My research is about science and innovation policy. I have finalized my dissertation research on multi-level science and innovation policy mixes in the European Union. I’m interested in continuing my research in other contexts than the EU. While attention to science and innovation policy typically focuses on the national level, in the United States, it is often intergovernmental, involving state governments, industry labs, and university research units.  My plan for the short term research visit will be to interact with science and innovation policy researchers in the U.S. regarding this complex intergovernmental setting, and also to share the results of my dissertation research and plans for future research directions. I will perform my research at the School of Public Policy at Georgia Tech. Specific activities of the short term research visit will include interviews with researchers at School of Public Policy, at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The purpose of these interviews will be to...

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Posted on May 17, 2015

Mercenaries, Economy, and Society in the Late 16th c Baltic

Joseph Sproule is a History Ph.D. candidate at the University of Toronto, where his research focuses on the early modern Baltic. He is the recipient of a 2015 AABS Dissertation grant, which will support travel this summer to Tallinn and Stockholm. Joseph will conduct archival research at the Tallinn City Archives and the National Archives of Sweden, each of which holds rich collections of original documents of value to his project, such as correspondences, soldiers’ contracts, and military payment lists. We asked Joseph to tell us about his project. My dissertation explores the role of mercenaries in the late sixteenth-century eastern Baltic, particularly the hiring, pay, and regulation of these soldiers in Tallinn/Reval during the Livonian War of 1558-1583. The mercenary’s value lay in his capacity for violence, but harnessing and directing that violence was often a challenge for early modern authorities beset by powerful enemies and struggling to meet the crippling costs of prolonged conflicts. My archival research provides a window into the fractious relationships between the Livonian...

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Posted on May 12, 2015

Imagining a Baltic-Nordic World: A Biography of Aleksander Kesküla

Mart Kuldkepp, Tartu University, is the 2015 recipient of the AABS Emerging Scholar Award. His project is a biography of the Estonian politician Aleksander Kesküla. In Estonia, Kesküla is notorious as one of the most radical leaders of the 1905 revolution, but internationally he is primarily known for being the first to bring Lenin to the attention of the German General Staff in 1914 and for mediating as a German agent between the Germans and the Bolsheviks in their joint attempt at “revolutionizing” Russia. At the same time, Kesküla was also trying to fulfill his own Baltic-Nordic political aims which included drawing Sweden into the First World War on the German side and having it liberate Finland and Estonia from Russia. He imagined that, after the war, Sweden and the other Scandinavian states, Finland and Estonia, would establish a Nordic Union with King of Sweden as its head. Mart explains how the Emerging Scholar award will support this project: As documents concerning Kesküla’s activities during World War I are...

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Posted on May 5, 2015

Congratulations to 2015 AABS Grant Recipients!

  AABS announces the recipients of 2015 fellowships: Research Grants for Emerging Scholars Mart Kuldkepp, Tartu University Jānis Grundmanis Postgraduate Fellowship for Study in the U. S. Elina Ruka, Columbia College, Chicago The Aina Birnitis Dissertation-Completion Fellowship in the Humanities for Latvia Indra Purs, Latvian University of Agriculture Mudīte I. Zīlīte Saltups Postgraduate and Post-Doctoral Fellowship Anete Vitola, University of...

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